for the Jew and the Gentile
“…do not let anyone take away from you the position you have in Messiah. All who are in Him are true sons and daughters, being chosen by Him to bear His name to a watching world. Whether Jew or Gentile, we are equally important and necessary in the family of God, for we have all been purchased with the same price, ‘with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Messiah’ (1Pet 1:19)”
– Tim Hegg, An Assessment of the “Divine Invitation” Teaching, pp. 68-69
A clear difference of perspective has evolved within Messianic Judaism of our times. Some have taken the position that Messianic Judaism should be reserved primarily for Jewish people, encouraging non-Jews to remain as faithful members of the Christian Church. Others have taken a middle position, teaching that the Torah has a primary application to Jewish people, but that Gentiles are invited (and even encouraged) to espouse some of the Torah in solidarity with Jewish believers.
At TorahResource, we believe the Scriptures (both Tanach and Apostolic Scriptures) are clear in stating that the people of God are one people, and that the Torah (the teaching of God) is applicable to all who are in Yeshua, regardless of their ethnicity, gender, or station in life. This position has become known as “One Torah,” which TorahResource affirms without reservation.
Defending One Torah
The following selection of articles were written in support or defense of One Torah Theology.
By Tim Hegg
This paper is a response to the “Definition of Messianic Judaism” by the Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations.
“In this study I want to deal with a belief not only held by some in mainline Christian theologies, but also heard from teachers within ‘Messianic Judaism.’ This is the view that the Torah is the special possession of the Jewish people, and that many of its stipulations are therefore directed toward Jews, not Gentiles. Those who take this position believe that while the moral aspects of the Torah are universal for all of God’s children, the various stipulations of the Torah which are particularly covenantal are for the Jewish people only, given to them as distinct marks of their unique position in the covenant made with Israel. These could include such things as the Sabbath, Festivals, kosher laws, wearing of tzitzit, and generally all of those things in the Torah which mark Israel out as distinct from the nations. In some cases, non-Jews who wish to obey these aspects of Torah are criticized as taking to themselves those things which belong uniquely to the Jewish people. Furthermore, the teaching that the whole Torah is the possession and responsibility of all of God’s children is labeled as theological error and therefore dangerous for the body of Messiah, because when non-Jews live out Torah, the lines of distinction between Jew and non-Jew are blurred.” – Tim Hegg
Those Who Oppose Us Still Don’t Get It!
by Tim Hegg
This short article was written as a response to both the IAMCS Steering Committee and Daniel Juster of Tikkun Ministries International who have recently written public statements attacking One Torah teaching as being contrary to Scripture and promoting Replacement Theology. Read More
by Tim Hegg
Within the Messianic movement there are those who are teaching Bilateral Ecclesiology. This theology teaches that God has one people separated into two groups. The Jewish believers should be in their own groups keeping Torah, and the Gentiles should be in the Church. As a result, many have found themselves feeling like outcasts. In this article Tim Hegg shows bilateral ecclesiology to be man made. Hegg shows the Bible does not instruct us to build the body of Messiah in this way.
- Is the “One Law” message flawed?
- Are we wrong to teach that God expects all of His children, whether Jew or Gentile, to obey the Torah and walk righteously before Him?
- Are there two covenants that bind people to God, one for Jews and another for Gentiles?
- At TorahResource, we remain firm in what has become known as the “One Law” position because we see it to be based upon Scripture.
by Tim Hegg
Is there unity in Torah? Or did God give laws that separate His people? Have you heard things said like:
- The Torah is only for the Jews
- Torah can be broken into civil, ceremonial, and moral laws
- Jews are required to keep more Torah than Gentiles
In this essay Tim Hegg speaks to the issue of Torah as God’s instructions for all of His children, Jew and Gentile alike. This short essay shows the unity of the Torah and particularly how many times in the Tanach and Apostolic Scriptures, “commandment” or “word” is used in the singular to represent the whole Torah. This, therefore, emphasizes that the Torah is indivisible. Given this fact, the essay goes on to refute the teaching of some, that certain commandments of the Torah are for people with Jewish lineage and not for non-Jews, thus offering a strong case for One Torah theology. Read More
by Tim Hegg
In this open letter, Tim Hegg responds to the accusation (made by the IAMCS in their recent position paper entitled “One Law, Two Sticks: A Critical Look at the Hebrew Roots Movement”) that he “equates Torah observance to the gospel itself,” a “gospel of obedience to the law.” Accompanying the letter are quoted examples for some of Hegg’s published works which show conclusively that the charge made against him by the IAMCS is unfounded and blatantly false. Read More
by Tim Hegg
This article is primarily a critical review of “One Law and the Messianic Gentile,” Messiah Journal 101(Aug 2009), 46–70, published by First Fruits of Zion. Tim Hegg investigates the Divine Invitation teaching put forth by FFOZ. Divine Invitation teaches that the Torah is for the Jewish people. Gentiles, on the other hand, are not obligated, but invited to keep the Torah. This theology separates the body of Messiah into two groups. Hegg shows this teaching to be biblically baseless. Read More
by Tim Hegg
In this article, Tim Hegg responds to an article entitled “One Law Movements: A Challenge to the Messianic Jewish Community.” This article was written by Russ Resnik and Daniel Juster, who state that the Torah is not for Gentiles, but given to the Jewish people alone. Hegg goes to the Bible itself to test the thesis of this article and shows that it is actually contrary to what the very word of God teaches. Read More