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Articles

Articles

Over 100 academic level articles written by the staff of TorahResource are available free to download. These comprehensive commentaries are in depth and very thorough studies on a variety of Biblical and theological topics all of which are relevant to the greater “Messianic Movement”. Please browse, download, print and share these documents.

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10 Persistent Questions Ch 11

by Tim Hegg

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Have you ever heard that God has done away with the ceremonial and civil aspects of the Torah, but the moral aspects are still applicable? Is this a valid argument? In this excerpt from Tim Hegg’s book 10 Persistent Questions Hegg shows that the idea of the Torah being broken up into these categories is simply false.

A Divine Yeshua and One God

by Glenn Minnis

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In this 5 page paper, TorahResource Institute student Glenn Minnis answers an objection that goes something like this: “Anyone who believes that Yeshua is deity is a polytheist (believes in more than one God).” Minnis takes the reader through a concise rebuttal that shows from Scripture how this objection is false.

A Review of Boaz Michael’s “Tent of David”

by Rob Vanhoff

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In this 9 page book review, Rob Vanhoff looks at Tent of David by Boaz Michael, FFOZ 2013. Vanhoff begins by presenting a short two page article named Slippery When All Wet (found on TR) to show how Michael uses terms without giving a definition. Vanhoff then goes on to look at some of the finer points of this book.

A Study of Covenant in Hebrews 9

Did the Author of Hebrews Change “Covenant” to “Last Will and Testament”?

by Tim Hegg

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A study of Hebrews 9:15–17, investigating the use of “covenant” (Greek: diatheke) in the context and message of the Epistle.

A Study of Matthew 28:18-20

by Tim Hegg

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Beit Hallel Shavuot Study Notes, 5775… Read More

A Study on The Festival of Shavuot

by Tim Hegg

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  • Why is the Festival called “Shavuot”?
  • Why are we to count the days and weeks between Pesach and Shavuot?
  • What were the historical events which occurred on Shavuot and how do these reveal the lessons we are to learn as we celebrate the Festival?
  • All of the appointed times offer us a special opportunity to do a personal, spiritual inventory. “How am I doing as someone who has been redeemed from slavery in order to serve God?”

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Acquiring The Spiritual Skill of Forgiving

by Tim Hegg

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This 20 page study looks at forgiveness in many different situations. Starting with the questions, “Have I been forgiven?” then moving onto personal forgiveness in relationships, forgiveness as a matter of grace, forgiving completely, forgiving in the sphere of justice, and much more.

Acts 15 and The Jerusalem Council

by Tim Hegg

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The standard teaching of the Christian Church is that the Torah is no longer applicable for believers in Yeshua. Acts 15 is often the text used to substantiate this claim. But is this what the Jerusalem Council actually decided? This paper gives an historical perspective to help in its proper interpretation.

All Things to All Men

Paul and the Torah in 1Corinthians 9:19–23

by Tim Hegg

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This is a study of 1Cor 9:19–23 which shows that when Paul said he became “all things to all men,” he did not mean that he gave up Torah observance in order to win the Gentiles, but acted as though he were entirely Torah observant when with the Jews. When we study this text in the larger context, we see that Paul was not a “theological chameleon” as many have portrayed him to be.

Am I Serious?

A Short Response

by Tim Hegg

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In this one page response, Tim Hegg response to a blog post that is critical of Hegg’s rejection and detailed analysis of the Divine Invitation teaching put forth by FFOZ.

An Assessment of The Divine Invitation Teaching

by Tim Hegg

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Being primarily a Critical Review of “One Law and the Messianic Gentile” Messiah Journal 101(Aug 2009), 46–70, published by First Fruits of Zion.

Click here: Download (PDF, 403 KB)

An Open Letter to The IAMCS

by Tim Hegg

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In this open letter, Tim Hegg responds to the accusation (made by the IAMCS in their recent position paper entitled “One Law, Two Sticks: A Critical Look at the Hebrew Roots Movement”) that he “equates Torah observance to the gospel itself,” a “gospel of obedience to the law.” Accompanying the letter are quoted examples for some of Hegg’s published works which show conclusively that the charge made against him by the IAMCS is unfounded and blatantly false.

Click here: Download (PDF, 253 KB)

Are The Festivals Moedim for Today

by Tim Hegg

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One of the questions that inevitably arises when people began to see the beauty of the Biblical Festivals is whether or not they are for believers today. The theological categories in which many modern-day believers have been schooled insist that the Festivals were “merely shadows” of the person and work of Messiah Yeshua, and that with His coming they are no longer needed. Some would go further and even say that to celebrate the Biblical Moedim is to detract from the central position which Yeshua should hold in our theology and worship. But what do the Scriptures say about the place of the Moedim in the life of God’s people?… Read More

Battle For The Bible: Are The Inspired Scriptures Enough?

by Tim Hegg

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  • Some messianic teachers are telling us that the Written Torah does not sufficiently define how to obey God’s commandments, and so the traditions of the rabbis are necessary in order to obey God has He desires.
  • They are teaching that God gave to Israel the authority to define the commandments, and that the Oral Torah (the traditions of the rabbis) is necessary to know God’s will in terms of how to obey His commandments and live in accordance to Torah.
  • In this essay, a clear call to the Sufficiency of Scripture is sounded
    The inspired, eternal, and unchanging word of God must be our sole authority in all matters of faith and halachah.

Bible Language Revolution

by Rob Vanhoff

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In this short 4 page article Rob Vanhoff looks at the progression of the Bible and its various translations up into modern Bible research tools, such as computer programs that allow Bible scholars a vast amount of tools to dive into the word.

Blessings and Curses:

Some Background from the Ancient Near Eastern Covenants

by Tim Hegg

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A short essay (5 pages) overviewing the manner in which Deuteronomy (Devarim) is structured after the common Suzerain-Vassal treaties of the Ancient Near East, showing how the historical background of the covenant blessings and curses can help us understand Paul’s point in Galatians 3:10–14, that Yeshua “redeemed us from the curse of the Torah.”

Bringing In The Harvest: A Study of The Gospel

by Tim Hegg

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Beit Hallel Shavuot Study Noes, 5775

The Hebrew Word Group בּשַָׂר and בּשְׂ רָה (basar/besorah)
The basic meaning of the verb בּשַָׂר (basar) is “to bring news.” The context must determine whether the news is considered “good” or “bad.” The verb is found 24 times in the Tanach, while the noun, בּשְׂ רָה (besorah) is found 6 times.

In 1 & 2Samuel, and 1Kings, the use of the word group is generally used simply to describe runners or messengers bringing news, e.g., coming from the battlefield with new of victory or defeat, etc. (1 Sam 4:17; 31:9; 2 Sam 1:20; 4:10; 18:19–20, 26, 31; 1 Kings 1:42)

It is in the prophets, and particularly Isaiah, where the verb and its cognate noun take on a theological perspective… Read More

Can We Speak of The Law in The New Testament in Monolithic Terms?

by Tim Hegg

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This paper, delivered at the NW Regional ETS Meeting in 1996, explores the possibility that “Law” (nomos in the Greek) may include Oral Torah within the scope of its meaning when used in the Apostolic Scriptures (NT). Examples of adherance to the Oral Torah both by Yeshua and His disciples are included.

Circumcision As a Sign:

The Theological Significance

by Tim Hegg

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In the 1st Century CE, circumcision was understood as a sign of being Jewish. But what was the original intent in giving this sign to Abraham? This paper looks at the biblical text, seeking answers to that question.

Circumcision in The Second Temple Period

by Tim Hegg

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In this two part article (both found in this one PDF), Rob Vanhoff looks at circumcision in the second temple period. Why was this such a big issue in the first century? Vanhoff also looks at the possibility of there being groups that believed if you weren’t circumcised on the 8th day, you were out of luck.


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