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Articles

Articles

Over 100 academic level articles written by the staff of TorahResource are available free to download. These comprehensive commentaries are in depth and very thorough studies on a variety of Biblical and theological topics all of which are relevant to the greater "Messianic Movement". Please browse, download, print and share these documents.

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(Mis)translating John 8:58

by Rob Vanhoff

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 Yeshua is 100% man.Of course! But when I go on to assert that He is also 100% God and preexisted the creation of the world, some will slam the brakes. “No way, man. Stop right there! We’re not polytheists!”

As you might imagine, John 8:58 is one of those texts that must be navigated for those who would uphold the canon of the Apostolic Writings (aka “New Testament”) yet deny Yeshua’s preexistence or deity. As of late I have encountered two different internet teachers making bold claims about the meaning of Yeshua’s words, and I want to address them both. The first writer argues from an Aramaic (Syriac) text,  the second from the Greek.

What I see here concerns me: incompetent “translators” promoting erroneous ideas. … Read More

119 Ministries and the Copper Scroll Project (Part 2)

A Response to Jim Barfield - by Caleb Hegg

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 As I stated in the first installment of this blog series, Rob Vanhoff and I addressed some of the issues we have with the Copper Scroll Project (CSP) on our podcast, The Rob & Caleb Show. The director of the CSP is Jim Barfield. Barfield admits that he is not a scholar but rather a retired investigator. After our show aired Barfield took some time and put a Q&A page up on the CSP website (published Feb. 20th 2015). I can only assume that this is a direct response to our show, as it attempts to address the exact objections we raised. (more…)

119 Ministries and the Copper Scroll Project (Part 1)

by Caleb Hegg

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 Recently Rob Vanhoff and I discussed 119 Ministries backing of a group called The Copper Scroll Project (from now on referred to as CSP) on our podcast. After our show aired several of our listeners asked 119 Ministries (from now on referred to as 119) to respond to some of the objections we raised. 119 responded to our friends that the hour and twenty minute video was quite long and they had not had a chance to watch it. I decided to make a short video that would put forth one argument that would discredit the entire foundation that CSP is based on. Once I made the video I contacted 119 to let them know I had published this short movie, and this began some dialogue. (more…)

A Divine Yeshua and One God

by Glenn Minnis

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In this 5 page paper, TorahResource Institute student Glenn Minnis answers an objection that goes something like this: "Anyone who believes that Yeshua is deity is a polytheist (believes in more than one God)." Minnis takes the reader through a concise rebuttal that shows from Scripture how this objection is false.

A Review of Andrew Gabriel Roth's Aramaic English New Testament, 5th Edition

by Rob Vanhoff

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 The website for the AENT (www.aent.org, accessed February 12, 2015) boasts some amazing claims:
“...the most definitive English New Testament translation...” and “...thousands of hours of unbiased peer review.” “...hidden codes of the New Testament...” It all sounds fantastic, huh? A book you’ve just got to have, right? But we must ask, “Are these claims true?” A friend loaned me a copy of this Aramaic English New Testament, Fifth edition (2012 Netzari Press LLC), by Andrew Gabriel Roth (referenced as AENT below). I wanted to compare the claims made on the website with the contents of the book itself. What follows are some notes I took while sitting down with it for a few hours. My frustrations will be evident. … Read More

A Review of Boaz Michael's "Tent of David"

by Rob Vanhoff

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In this 9 page book review, Rob Vanhoff looks at Tent of David by Boaz Michael, FFOZ 2013. Vanhoff begins by presenting a short two page article named Slippery When All Wet (found on TR) to show how Michael uses terms without giving a definition. Vanhoff then goes on to look at some of the finer points of this book.

A Study of Covenant in Hebrews 9

Did the Author of Hebrews Change "Covenant" to "Last Will and Testament"?

by Tim Hegg

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A study of Hebrews 9:15–17, investigating the use of "covenant" (Greek: diatheke) in the context and message of the Epistle.

A Study of Matthew 28:18-20

by Tim Hegg

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Beit Hallel Shavuot Study Notes, 5775... Read More

A Study on The Festival of Shavuot

by Tim Hegg

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  • Why is the Festival called “Shavuot”?
  • Why are we to count the days and weeks between Pesach and Shavuot?
  • What were the historical events which occurred on Shavuot and how do these reveal the lessons we are to learn as we celebrate the Festival?
  • All of the appointed times offer us a special opportunity to do a personal, spiritual inventory. “How am I doing as someone who has been redeemed from slavery in order to serve God?”

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Acquiring The Spiritual Skill of Forgiving

by Tim Hegg

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This 20 page study looks at forgiveness in many different situations. Starting with the questions, "Have I been forgiven?" then moving onto personal forgiveness in relationships, forgiveness as a matter of grace, forgiving completely, forgiving in the sphere of justice, and much more.

Acts 15 and The Jerusalem Council

by Tim Hegg

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The standard teaching of the Christian Church is that the Torah is no longer applicable for believers in Yeshua. Acts 15 is often the text used to substantiate this claim. But is this what the Jerusalem Council actually decided? This paper gives an historical perspective to help in its proper interpretation.

All Things to All Men

Paul and the Torah in 1Corinthians 9:19–23

by Tim Hegg

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This is a study of 1Cor 9:19–23 which shows that when Paul said he became "all things to all men," he did not mean that he gave up Torah observance in order to win the Gentiles, but acted as though he were entirely Torah observant when with the Jews. When we study this text in the larger context, we see that Paul was not a "theological chameleon" as many have portrayed him to be.

Am I Serious?

A Short Response

by Tim Hegg

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In this one page response, Tim Hegg response to a blog post that is critical of Hegg's rejection and detailed analysis of the Divine Invitation teaching put forth by FFOZ.

An Assessment of The Divine Invitation Teaching

by Tim Hegg

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Being primarily a Critical Review of “One Law and the Messianic Gentile” Messiah Journal 101(Aug 2009), 46–70, published by First Fruits of Zion.

Click here: Download (PDF, 403 KB)

An Open Letter to The IAMCS

by Tim Hegg

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In this open letter, Tim Hegg responds to the accusation (made by the IAMCS in their recent position paper entitled “One Law, Two Sticks: A Critical Look at the Hebrew Roots Movement”) that he “equates Torah observance to the gospel itself,” a “gospel of obedience to the law.” Accompanying the letter are quoted examples for some of Hegg’s published works which show conclusively that the charge made against him by the IAMCS is unfounded and blatantly false.

Click here: Download (PDF, 253 KB)

Are The Festivals Moedim for Today

by Tim Hegg

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One of the questions that inevitably arises when people began to see the beauty of the Biblical Festivals is whether or not they are for believers today. The theological categories in which many modern-day believers have been schooled insist that the Festivals were “merely shadows” of the person and work of Messiah Yeshua, and that with His coming they are no longer needed. Some would go further and even say that to celebrate the Biblical Moedim is to detract from the central position which Yeshua should hold in our theology and worship. But what do the Scriptures say about the place of the Moedim in the life of God’s people?... Read More

Ba'al haTurim and Enoch, Metatron and Babylonian Magic

by Rob Vanhoff

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Did you ever wonder how “Metatron” was tied to Enoch? Did you know he was also tied to Pinchas?

Sit back and let the Baal haTurim explain it to you…

The text above, which I then transcribed from “Rashi” script, is Jacob ben Asher’s (aka Baal haTurim, 13th-14th century Spain) commentary on Genesis 5:24, as printed in the Miqra’ot Gedolot (Rabbinic Bible). As you can see, it uses abbreviations and shorthand which are employed to save space.

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Battle For The Bible: Are The Inspired Scriptures Enough?

by Tim Hegg

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  • Some messianic teachers are telling us that the Written Torah does not sufficiently define how to obey God's commandments, and so the traditions of the rabbis are necessary in order to obey God has He desires.
  • They are teaching that God gave to Israel the authority to define the commandments, and that the Oral Torah (the traditions of the rabbis) is necessary to know God's will in terms of how to obey His commandments and live in accordance to Torah.
  • In this essay, a clear call to the Sufficiency of Scripture is sounded
    The inspired, eternal, and unchanging word of God must be our sole authority in all matters of faith and halachah.

Bible Language Revolution

by Rob Vanhoff

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In this short 4 page article Rob Vanhoff looks at the progression of the Bible and its various translations up into modern Bible research tools, such as computer programs that allow Bible scholars a vast amount of tools to dive into the word.

Blessings and Curses:

Some Background from the Ancient Near Eastern Covenants

by Tim Hegg

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A short essay (5 pages) overviewing the manner in which Deuteronomy (Devarim) is structured after the common Suzerain-Vassal treaties of the Ancient Near East, showing how the historical background of the covenant blessings and curses can help us understand Paul’s point in Galatians 3:10–14, that Yeshua “redeemed us from the curse of the Torah.”


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